As more and more people use video conferencing tools to stay connected in social distancing times, neuroscientists from Florida Atlantic University have found that a person’s gaze is altered during tele-communication if they think that the person on the other end of the conversation can see them.
The phenomenon known as “gaze cueing,” a powerful signal for orienting attention, is a mechanism that likely plays a role in the developmentally and socially important wonder of “shared” or “joint” attention where a number of people attend to the same object or location.
“Because gaze direction conveys so much socially relevant information, one’s own gaze behaviour is likely to be affected by whether one’s eyes are visible to a speaker,” said Elan Barenholtz, associate professor of psychology.
For example, people may intend to signal that they are paying more attention to a speaker by fixating their face or eyes during a conversation.
“Conversely, extended eye contact also can be perceived as aggressive and therefore noticing one’s eyes could lead to reduced direct fixation of another’s face or eyes. Indeed, people engage in avoidant eye movements by periodically breaking and reforming eye contact during conversations,” explained Barenholtz.
People are very sensitive to the gaze direction of others and even two-day-old infants prefer faces where the eyes are looking directly back at them.
Social distancing across the globe due to coronavirus (COVID-19) has created the need to conduct business “virtually” using Skype, web conferencing, FaceTime and any other means available.
For the study, published in the journal Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, the team compared fixation behaviour in 173 participants under two conditions: one in which the participants believed they were engaging in a real-time interaction and one in which they knew they were watching a pre-recorded.
The researchers wanted to know if face fixation would increase in the real-time condition based on the social expectation of facing one’s speaker in order to get attention or if it would lead to greater face avoidance, based on social norms as well as the cognitive demands of encoding the conversation.
Results showed that participants fixated on the whole face in the real-time condition and significantly less in the pre-recorded condition. In the pre-recorded condition, time spent fixating on the mouth was significantly greater compared to the real-time condition.
There were no significant differences in time spent fixating on the eyes between the real-time and the pre-recorded conditions.
To simulate a live interaction, the researchers convinced participants that they were engaging in a real-time, two-way video interaction (it was actually pre-recorded).
When the face was fixated, attention was directed toward the mouth for the greater percentage of time in the pre-recorded condition versus the real-time condition.
“Given that encoding and memory have been found to be optimized by fixating the mouth, which was reduced overall in the real-time condition, this suggests that people do not fully optimize for speech encoding in a live interaction,” the authors wrote.
(This story has been published from a wire agency feed without modifications to the text. Only the headline has been changed.)
Bihar Board 10th Result 2020 topper: Himanshu Raj tops Bihar Matric Exams. Check complete toppers’ list
Bihar Board 10th Result 2020: The Bihar Matric Result 2020 was declared by the BSEB (Bihar School Examination Board) today. Students who had appeared for the Bihar Board Class 10 exams should note that the Bihar Board 10th Result 2020 has been released on the official website biharboardonline.bihar.gov.in. The Bihar Board Class 10 result was earlier set to be declared last week, however, technical issues had delayed the release of the result, which was finally out today.
Students should note that the Bihar Board 10th Result 2020 has only be released on the official website. Schools have been advised against putting up the Bihar Matric Result 2020 on their notice boards, to avoid the gathering of students on campus.
Bihar Board 10th Result 2020: Official website crashes
Soon after the release of Bihar Board 10th Result 2020, the official BSEB website biharboardonline.bihar.gov.in had crashed. Due to heavy traffic on the site, the homepage showed up an error saying “the site could not be loaded.” Students should keep refreshing the page to check the details.
Bihar Board 10th Result 2020: Toppers’ list
Himanshu Raj Singh of Janta High School Tenuaj, Rohtas district has topped the Bihar Board 2020 Matric exams.
Bihar Board 10th Result: Who was the topper last year?
In 2019, Sawan Raj Bharti of Jamui’s Simultala Awasiya Vidyalaya had topped the Bihar Board Class 10 exams with 97.2 per cent marks.
Bihar Board 10th Result: Pass percentage last year
In 2019, the BSEB had declared the Bihar Board Class 10 result on April 6, when the overall pass percentage was recorded at 80.73 percent.
Bihar Board 10th Result 2020: Bihar Matric result 2020 declared. Direct link, steps to check
Bihar Board 10th Result 2020 declared: The BSEB (Bihar School Examination Board) has declared the Bihar Matric Result 2020 today. Students who had appeared for the Bihar Board Class 10 exams should note that the results have been released on the official website. Earlier, there were reports that the Bihar Matric Result 2020 was held back, however, some reports also claimed that the Bihar Board 10th Result 2020 was in the final stages of being released.
Candidates should note that the Bihar Board Class 10 exam results have only been released on the official site and not on the notice boards of any schools. Due to the lockdown in the wake of the coronavirus outbreak, schools have taken all measures to restrict the gathering of students on the premises.
Other than the official website, the Bihar Matric Result 2020 for Class 10 can also be checked by clicking on a direct link.
How to check Bihar Board 10th Result 2020
1. Visit any one of the official websites – biharboardonline.bihar.gov.in
2. Click on the link that reads ‘BSEB 10th Result 2020’
3. Enter your roll number or the registration number
4. Your Bihar Matric Result 2020 will be displayed on the screen
5. Download your result and take a print out of the same for future purpose
How to get Bihar Board 10th Result 2020 result via SMS
Students can receive their Bihar Matric Result 2020 on their mobile phones, through SMS. To receive a text message for Bihar Board Class 10 exam results 2020, students should follow the below mentioned steps.
1. Type BSEB10
2. Send the text message to 56263
3. Students will receive a text message of their Bihar Board 10th Result 2020
Websites to check Bihar Board 10th Result 2020
Students awaiting their Bihar Matric Result 2020 can visit the below-listed websites to check their Bihar Board Class 10 exam results 2020
Direct link to download Bihar Board 10th Result 2020
Alternatively, students can check and download their Bihar Matric Result 2020 for Class 10 by clicking on the below-mentioned link.
Bihar Board 10th Result 2020: Toppers’ list
As the Bihar Matric result 2020 has been released, the Bihar Board is also set to release an official list of toppers. Candidates should note that the Bihar Board 10th Result 2020 topper’s list will include the name of the students who have secured the top positions. The Bihar Matric Result 2020 was released on the official websites of the BSEB.
Bihar Board 10th Result 2020: Toppers to get Rs 1,200 per month
According to a report, the Bihar government will provide Rs 1,200 per month to 10 toppers of the Bihar Board 10th Result. The Bihar Matric toppers will receive the amount for 2 years, the report stated.
Mumbai: Protest at KEM Hospital over employee’s death after being denied sick leave
A protest broke outside government-run KEM (King Edward Memorial) Hospital in Mumbai after an employee working in COVID-19 ward died. According to reports, he was reportedly unwell and wanted leave. The employee’s death has sparked huge protests by employees and paramedical staff outside the state-run hospital. His body has been at the hospital mortuary since Monday night.
The worker, who had allegedly been denied leave though he had been unwell for four days, died last night, according to reports. However, whether he died of COVID-19 is still unknown as his test results are awaited.
Protesting employees have demanded that his family should be compensated with a job and financial help.
National23 hours ago9 views
Bihar Board 10th result 2020: BSEB to declare matric results at 12.30 pm on 26 May; check scorecard at biharboardonline.bihar.gov.in and onlinebseb.in
World News23 hours ago7 views
Sex Offenders, Bullying & Number Plates: Proposals in China’s Parliament as it Opens After Two-month Delay
National19 hours ago7 views
Domestic air travel resumes in India after 2 months, 630 flights cancelled
Technologies12 hours ago6 views
Sony’s AI-created PS5 soundtracks could react to your playstyle and emotions – TechRadar India
National6 hours ago6 views
Warangal police arrest man for killing 10 people using powdered sleeping pills
Science and Nature21 hours ago5 views
Working From Home, Indian-Origin Scientist Creates Fifth State Of Matter
National6 hours ago5 views
Armies of India, China appear heading towards biggest face-off after Doklam
National14 hours ago5 views
18 Migrant Workers cycle over 2200 kms from Maharashtra to Assam